It is something most of us think about when going on a trip, but sometimes accidents happen, causing someone to get hurt. Even a popular place like Walt Disney World only allows their cast members to have basic supplies like band aids. Whether you go to a five-star resort or camping in the wilderness, a first aid kit can make all the difference.
Think about this scenario. Getting a cut while traveling is a common occurrence, even at the beach. According to resent news, a few people have obtained a rare, but deadly, bacterial infection from cuts. Yet, a simple antiseptic wipe would have prevented the cut from becoming infected. A couple of these people were at the beach and most likely did not think of taking a first aid kit with them while on vacation.
While this list is not everything, it has the essentials of a basic first aid kit that you should have.
Not only should you have a good kit, but also you should be prepared to render first aid. Anything from choking to shock can occur while you are traveling. Slips and falls are the most common injuries. Knowing how to react during a traumatic situation could save someone’s life.
No matter where you are, the first thing you should is to have someone call emergency services. Next, check for hazards. After that you should access the situation. Ask the person, “Are you Ok?”.
If there is a response, then you know the person is breathing and alert. If there is not an answer, you will need to assess the situation.
If you are not certified in CPR, ask if someone nearby is. If not, you should begin some type of aid.
When someone is bleeding, you need to stop the bleeding. If it is small cut, light pressure with a sterile bandage or cloth from your fist aid kit will work. If it is a deep cut, a tourniquet above the can help slow the bleeding.
Contrary to popular belief, do not put oils or butter on a burn. Wash the burn with cold water and apply a cold compress to help bring the temperature of the area down. For severe burns an antiseptic may be needed. If you have a burn gel, place a light layer over a burn.
The heart is a vital component in the body. The organ is responsible for the movement of the blood around the body. It is essential in the supply of oxygen and other nutrients in the body, while helping to expel carbon dioxide and other body wastes. The functions that the heart performs in the body makes it a vital and sensitive organ.
The human heart can suffer several complications. Heart problems can arise from stress and other emotional disturbances. Lifestyle choices and genetic makeup can also lead to heart diseases. Some of the common conditions that affect the heart include; atrial fibrillation, angina, heart failure, heart attack, cardiac arrest, stroke, and pulmonary edema. These diseases are potential threats to life if they do not get urgent medical attention.
A person suffering from a heart disease may experience sharp pains in the chest. The pain may also affect the back and neck. Heart complications can also make someone to appear anxious, and very pale. Other effects that one may experience due to heart problems include sweating, nausea, difficulty in breathing, and dizziness. At times the person may become unable to move their joints.
In case a person suffers cardiac arrest near you, it is necessary to inform medical services immediately. You should then lay the victim down or have them sit if they experience breathing difficulties. One should also ensure they loosen the belt and collar of the victim to help them to breathe better. The victim should also be given large amounts of sugar if they request it. You should engage the victim in discussion to try to calm them down and keep them conscious. Questions being asked should aim at getting information about the victim’s history of the condition, medication that they take to reduce the effects of the disease, whether or not they have been hospitalized or had surgery, and if it was the first time they were experiencing these pains. The information that you get from the victim should be given to the emergency services and then remain there to watch over the suffering person until medical assistance arrives.
If emergency services take long to reach, it is advisable to give the victim some aspirin unless they are allergic. If the victim passes out, it is important that you administer cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). If one is not trained in performing CPR, it is advisable that they don’t give mouth-to-mouth breathing aid. One should concentrate on putting pressure on the chest by compressing rapidly. If the victim has nitroglycerin that a doctor has prescribed to them, they can take it before medics arrive. It is, however, unsafe to use another person’s nitroglycerin since it might worsen the problem.
Trauma refers to a condition that a person suffers from after receiving a blow on certain parts of the body. This condition is very precious if the affected area is the head as it can cause future complications if medical care is not carried out as necessary. Unconsciousness is a condition in which the victim is not aware of anything going on around them, and they cannot get instructions that others are trying to give to them.
There are different types of that can happen to a person. They include psychological and physical trauma. Physical injury is very dangerous as one can die if they do not get urgent medical attention. Major trauma involves damage to a body organ by experiencing a fall or a blow from a blunt object. A person who has experienced major trauma may experience drowsiness, convulsions, and frequent vomiting. A victim may also suffer problems in seeing, conversing and memory complications. Cranial trauma may result in the victim being unnecessarily agitated and someone may appear to stagger. Cerebrospinal fluid, a colorless liquid, and blood may come out through the victim’s nose and mouth.
The worst case scenario in a cranial trauma case is death, and it occurs on many occasions. Most injury cases are caused by accidents in traffic or falling and hitting the head or back. If you come across an injury incident, it is important not move the victim and also instruct them not to make any movements to avoid worsening the situation. You should the secure the victims head on both sides and then watch the progress before medical services arrive.
The body should be kept aligned from the head to the backbone. If the victim maintains consciousness, keep talking to them and keeping them warm throughout. If they lose consciousness, one should make them assume the lateral security position as you wait for the emergency response. This position ensures that the mouth is facing downwards to avoid them choking on any fluid coming out. The victim’s hands are locked together to support the body in a constant position.
The first aid provider should ensure that when the victim is in the lateral position, there is no obstruction in breathing. The victim should be put in a position they seem more comfortable in while watching out for the spine to avoid aggravating the situation. Belts, necklaces, and ties should be loosened to aid further breathing. There are times when the matter becomes more precious. If the victim is a pregnant woman, two lives are under threat. The women should be put into recovery position while lying on the left side to avoid damage to the uterus. If the affected person is an unconscious child who is still breathing, they should receive the same treatment as adults but with considerable effort. The person performing should always watch their breathing every minute to keep the victims breathing always.
Life is full of uncertainties in everyday activities. People can get hurt by almost anything around them. Some of the accidents can be quite severe. While carrying out the day-to-day operations, accidents such as burns, cuts, choking, heart attacks and dangerous wounds can arise. Someone can also drown in the water while swimming. Situations like this make it necessary for one to have knowledge of the art of administering first aid either to themselves or other people they come across. One can save a life by doing a simple but vital action.
First aid knowledge is paramount for travelers to have since they meet with many new people wherever they go. Some of these people may be suffering from severe conditions which only they know. In case anything happens to them and you happen to be close, your help could come in handy. First aid is intended to control the situation before medical assistance arrives.
Burns rank as one of the most common accidents that happen in life. It comes as a result of the skin getting into contact with a hot substance or fire itself. The matter becomes dangerous depending on the affected area, the age of the person and the depth of the burn. After experiencing a burn, the skin develops blisters and is deformed according to the severity of the injury. If it does not get the necessary attention, the damage can result in infection. Other effects that may arise include internal injuries and difficulty in breathing, depending on the affected area. In case you come across a burn victim, the first reaction should be eliminating the source of heat from the person. If the injury is not severe, one should place the burnt part in cold running water to prevent it from spreading. The most important thing during treating wounds is not to break any blister. If the injury is serious, do not cover with cotton since it will stick to the wound.
Coming across a person who is hurt is also a typical incident. A wound is either a scratch or cut that is not bleeding too much and is not near a major blood vessel. There are also severe injuries that may expel a lot of blood. A wound is prone to infection no matter how small it might appear to be. If the person is not bleeding profusely, you should clean the wound with soap after ensuring that your hands are clean. One should then be cover the wound with a bandage and the victim should get tetanus injection if necessary. In case there is an object lodged in the wound, one should ensure they do not move it as it might result into hemorrhaging.
Hemorrhages occur when the body loses blood in large quantities for an extended period. Bleeding is a life threatening situation which should be controlled a fast as possible. If one comes across such a condition, it is critical to inform the emergency services immediately. To gain an upper hand on the situation, one should put pressure on the bleeding part using both hands. It is advisable to ensure that they wear medical gloves. If direct pressure on the wound is not working, one should put pressure on locations that guarantee the blood from the heart does not come out since it is high in pressure and oxygenated.
Choking is another accident that occurs many times. It occurs as a result of an unwanted object blocking the normal flow of air in the windpipe. It is common in children although adults at times experience it. It is necessary to carry out first aid as soon as the accident occurs to avoid death. To administer first aid, one should pat the victim with force on the back to make them cough to expel the object. If the victim is a child, the same method is employed but with considerable force.