The heart is a vital component in the body. The organ is responsible for the movement of the blood around the body. It is essential in the supply of oxygen and other nutrients in the body, while helping to expel carbon dioxide and other body wastes. The functions that the heart performs in the body makes it a vital and sensitive organ.
Inform the Medical Services and Help the Victim
The human heart can suffer several complications. Heart problems can arise from stress and other emotional disturbances. Lifestyle choices and genetic makeup can also lead to heart diseases. Some of the common conditions that affect the heart include; atrial fibrillation, angina, heart failure, heart attack, cardiac arrest, stroke, and pulmonary edema. These diseases are potential threats to life if they do not get urgent medical attention.
A person suffering from a heart disease may experience sharp pains in the chest. The pain may also affect the back and neck. Heart complications can also make someone to appear anxious, and very pale. Other effects that one may experience due to heart problems include sweating, nausea, difficulty in breathing, and dizziness. At times the person may become unable to move their joints.
Get as Much Information from the Victim as Possible
In case a person suffers cardiac arrest near you, it is necessary to inform medical services immediately. You should then lay the victim down or have them sit if they experience breathing difficulties. One should also ensure they loosen the belt and collar of the victim to help them to breathe better. The victim should also be given large amounts of sugar if they request it. You should engage the victim in discussion to try to calm them down and keep them conscious. Questions being asked should aim at getting information about the victim’s history of the condition, medication that they take to reduce the effects of the disease, whether or not they have been hospitalized or had surgery, and if it was the first time they were experiencing these pains. The information that you get from the victim should be given to the emergency services and then remain there to watch over the suffering person until medical assistance arrives.
If emergency services take long to reach, it is advisable to give the victim some aspirin unless they are allergic. If the victim passes out, it is important that you administer cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). If one is not trained in performing CPR, it is advisable that they don’t give mouth-to-mouth breathing aid. One should concentrate on putting pressure on the chest by compressing rapidly. If the victim has nitroglycerin that a doctor has prescribed to them, they can take it before medics arrive. It is, however, unsafe to use another person’s nitroglycerin since it might worsen the problem.